A hysterectomy is the removal of the uterus and cervix for treatment of conditions such as endometriosis, fibroids, heavy periods, pelvic relaxation or cancer. The fallopian tubes and ovaries may be left in place during this procedure or removed at the same time. The surgery can be done either through an incision on your abdomen, through an incision in the vagina, or using a laparoscopy. A discussion between you and your doctor will help you decide if this procedure is a good option for you.